The National Museum is the Czech Republic's oldest and most prestigious museum. Built between 1818 and 1891 on the site of the former Horse Gate, the museum now commands a dominant and striking position over the city below.
The museum displays a number of permanent exhibits, as well as some temporary ones that change on a regular basis. The long-term exhibits include the following:
Prehistoric Times of Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia
Includes archaeological and historical findings from the local area. Displays include tools, weapons, ceramics, decorations and other objects from the Stone Age up until the middle ages. This section is one the largest in the museum, and one of the highlights as the type of objects on display are quite unique to this region of the world.
Showcases specimens from the animal world, including a number of species that are now unfortunately extinct.
The Geological past of the Earth
This exhibit follows life on earth back over 3 billion years. Here you can see fossils from millions of years ago, as well as the skull of a Tyrannosaurus Rex.
Located on the second floor of the museum, this section is similar in nature to the "Geological past of Earth" collection, and contains collections of petrified plants and animals throughout the ages.
The Osteological Exhibition displays the skulls and skeletons of over 200 different mammals, including unusual and sometimes large specimens such as a Bison and an Elephant.
Mineralogical and Petrological Exhibition
Also located on the second floor, this collection focuses on minerals and precious rocks. Here you can view meteorites and tektites that were found in the local area, as well as colored diamonds, rubies and sapphires.
Decorations and Medals of European Countries in the 19th and 20th Centuries.
A large collection of civilians and wartime medals from different European countries.
Here the skeletal remains of humans and displayed and examined, with information about the deceased person's life, and how this information can be found using just their earthly remains.
The National Museum is truly one of the world-class museums that can be found in Prague and considering its central location at one end of Wenceslas Square, it's an attraction that should not be missed.
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