Munich lies at the foothills to the Alps, on the River Isar. The city was founded in the 12th century, however the area was settled by Benedictine monks before this time. In fact, the name Munich comes from the German word "Mönche", meaning Monks.
Today, Munich is one of the most affluent areas of Germany, with one of the lowest unemployment rates in the country. The city has a population of 1.3 million people of which 300,000 are foreigners.
Even though the city was heavily bombed during World War Two, most historic monuments have been carefully restored to their old state.
Munich has a continental climate with cold, snowy winters and reasonably warm summers. However, due its proximity to the Alps, its weather can be unpredictable and is prone to experiencing four seasons in one day.
A special wind from the Alps called the Föhn can sometimes affect the city, bringing unusually warm temperatures. If you are in the city during a Föhn, be sure to ascend the Olympia Tower and look towards the Alps - you will be assured of a great view!
Munich can be easily reached through its international airport (Franz Josef Strauss International Airport - MUC) from most European cities, and even many international ones as it is a hub for the German national airline, Lufthansa.
Although Munich has a modern and extensive public transport network, having a car to visit attractions outside Munich is often a good idea.
Munich is well known for its annual Oktoberfest, where masses of tourists from around the world swarm into the city for two weeks in September. During this time, Hotels can be hard to come by, and if you are intending on visiting this festival, make sure you book well in advance.
For a bit of the Oktoberfest feeling outside of the festival, a trip to the famous Hofbräuhaus will suffice.