The Royal Palace of Amsterdam is located next to Dam Square in central Amsterdam. It was constructed in the middle of the 17th century, at a time called the Golden Age, when the Dutch were the world leaders in trade. The opulence of the building reflects the prosperity of Amsterdam.
It dates back to 1648 and was originally used as the City Hall. It became a Royal Palace when, in 1806, Louis Bonaparte, Napoleon's brother, became the King of Holland.
After the downfall of Napoleon, King Willem I gave the Palace back to the city of Amsterdam though Royalty lived in it until the 1930s.
Although it is now a public building, the Royal family is permitted to use it for official functions and state functions are conducted here. It is also the home of the Queen when she is staying in Amsterdam.
It is a beautiful building built using classical Roman architectural lines. The exterior stonework was originally a very light off-white color but due to weathering this has blackened over time.
Marble has been used extensively throughout its interior. The grandeur and decor of the rooms is quite impressive, in particular, the large main hall with world maps inlaid on the marble floors. The walls and ceilings are richly decorated with friezes, sculptures and artworks, many of which have been created by famous world renowned artists.
Many of the interior furnishings were brought to the Palace by Louis Bonaparte and are heavily influence by the Empire style, predominant during Napoleon's time.
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