Salzburg is famous as being the city of Mozart, and indeed even today, it is hard to visit the city without getting a dose of this famous musician. As of 1997, the city center has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Among the city's baroque architecture, a rich history can be found displayed in Salzburg's many museums and galleries.
Salzburg itself lies on the banks of the Salzach river, with two prominent mountains - the Mönchsberg and the Kapuzinerberg on either side of the town. In the distance, the higher peaks of the Alps can be seen from almost any point in the city. The imposing Festung Hohensalzburg, one of the largest and best preserved castles in Europe, sits overlooking the city.
Salzburg as a temperate climate. The summer can be hot and sunny, with the winters being cold and often with snow. However, unlike many other places in Europe, summer is not necessarily the best time to visit.
During the festive season, the city comes alive with some of the best Christmas markets in the world. Because of these markets during December, the city becomes packed with tourists from near and far, with their numbers sometimes outnumbering the local population.
Getting to Salzburg is easy. The city has fast and regular connections to many neighboring cities including Vienna, Munich, Innsbruck and Zürich. In addition, its airport - the second largest in Austria - serves a number of airlines, including many budget carriers such as Ryanair.
The city itself is small, and can be seen mostly by foot. However, the city has a good public transport network including buses and four S-Bahn lines which operate regularly and efficiently bring thousands of people each day to their destinations.