The Old Jewish Cemetery was established in the 15th century and is today part of the Jewish Museum of Prague.
The cemetery is located in Josefov, which was home to the city's Jewish Ghettos. It was used for over 300 years, with the oldest tombstone (belonging to Avigdor Karo) dating from 1439.
This cemetery was one of the old Jewish cemeteries to have survived the Second World War, as orders from the Nazi regime were given to spare it so that a museum could be erected at the end of the war.
Even though the cemetery is not large, over 100,000 people are buried here in an area only suitable for 12,000. At the time, it was against the law for Jews to bury their dead outside of the ghetto limits, so graves ended up being built on top of each other in layers to make room for the next generation.
Some of the more impressive graves include those of Mordechai Maisel, a famous Jewish leader, and Rabbi Loew who is associated with the legend of the Golem.
Entrance to the Old Jewish Cemetery is only available with a ticket to the Jewish Museum. Although not particularly cheap compared to many other attractions in Prague, the Jewish Museum and its extensive list of sights is certainly one of the highlights in the city.
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