Nymphenburg Palace (Schloss Nymphenburg) is a baroque palace located in the west of Munich bordering the Neuhausen and Nymphenburg districts of the city. Historically, this palace was the summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria, and although now open to the public, is still home to HRH Franz, Duke of Bavaria.
Commissioned by Ferdinand Maria and Henriette Adelaide of Savoy to Agostino Barelli in 1664 after the birth of their son Maximilian II Emanuel, it was constantly added to and extended over the years. The palace holds a great history, with many important figures in German history having ties to the palace. Luckily the palace was spared extensive damage in World War 2, so can be viewed much as it was over one hundred years ago.
Initially only the Center Pavillion was erected (completed in 1675), but then starting in 1701 extensions to the north and south of the palace where built. Some rooms done in the original Baroque style, but others redecorated in the neoclassical or rococo styles. The three story high Great Hall (Steinerner Sall; 1755-1757) with its ceiling frescoes is the main attraction within the palace. On the first floor is a collection of Nymphenburg porcelain.
On the 25th August 1845, King Ludwig II was born in room 20, which can be visited and viewed in the same style as it was at this time. In the court stables there is a museum of ancient carriages, one of the most important of its type in the world. Here the sleighs and carriages of King Ludwig II can be found.
Nymphenburg Palace itself is however only half of the attraction. The palace gardens, 200 acres (80 hectares) in size, are world class in itself. Here a number of pavilions can be found including the Pagodenburg, the Badenburg, the Amalienburg, the Magdalenenklause and the Monopteros.
The gardens have been done in three styles throughout its history - first Italian, then French, then English - the style in which you can find it today. Through the garden runs a long canal, to and from the palace in a east/west direction.
During winter the canal freezes over relatively quickly due to its depth and stillness of the water, and many people can be found ice skating or playing curling.
Nymphenburg Palace can be reached with Tram 12, 16 and 17 or Bus 51. In addition to a regular entrance ticket, it is possible to buy a combination ticket. This ticket includes the Palace, the Park buildings, the Carriage Museum and the Porcelain Museum and works out cheaper if you intend to visit all these attractions.
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