The Siegessäule, or Victory Column, was erected to celebrate Prussia's triumph over Denmark in 1864. It was finished 9 years later, at which point Prussia had had more victories on the battle field, beating both the French and the Austrians.
When the column was originally built, it was located on the Platz der Republik, opposite the Reichstag. However, when the Nazi's came to power, they moved the monument to its current position as part of their major redesign of the German capital.
The Siegessa¨ule is located in the Tiergarten, the largest of Berlin's inner city parks, in the middle of a busy intersection. There are underpasses surrounding the intersection that should be used to reach the column, rather than try to cross the busy multilane street on ground level.
Around the base of the Siegessäule are impressive Mosaics depicting battle scenes, which were removed after World War II by the Allies, but returned to their original location in 1987. At the top of the column stands the Statue of Victoria, a 35 ton bronze statue that can be seen from many places in the city.
For a small cost, it is possible to climb to the top of the 70 meter (200 foot) tower, for a great view over the city. Looking west along "Strasse des 17. Juni", you can see the Brandenburg Gate, one of the symbols of Berlin. From here, you can also get a much better view of the impressive Statue of Victoria.
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