On Niederkirchnerstrasse you can find a preserved section of the Berlin Wall which divided the city in two for over 28 years and which was eventually brought down in 1989.
Afterwards, there were mixed feelings regarding the remaining sections of the wall. Some people wanted to tear it down completely, others wanted to take some of it as a souvenir or to sell it for a profit. The end result left the parts of the wall either destroyed or defaced.
The concrete wall ended up with a pitted exterior caused by people hacking away at it with chisels, hammers and other sharp objects. These people were given the name 'Mauerspechte' which translates to 'Wall Woodpeckers'.
In order to protect what remained of the wall for posterity, a 200m long section was cordoned off with a wire fence. This section stretched along Niederkirchnerstrasse, between Potsdamer Platz and Checkpoint Charlie. It was listed as a historical monument in 1990.
Situated near this section of the wall are several interesting historical sites. There is an outdoor exhibition, called the 'Topography of Terror', document center. The outdoor center chronicles the atrocities committed by the Nazis, prior and during World War II.
It is situated on the site that once housed the Gestapo, SS and the Central Office for the Security of the Reich, also known as the Reichssicherheitshauptamt This building was destroyed during the war. Close by is the headquarters of the Reich Ministry of Aviation.
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